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Employment


1. Transitions  2. Employment 

2.Types Of Employment

Young people with disabilities have the same rights as others in finding employment.  The law states that employers must treat everyone equally, but must make reasonable adjustments for people with disabilities in their workplace.

Routes into employment

Supported Internships

Young people with disabilities have the same rights as others in finding employment.  The law states that employers must treat everyone equally, but must make reasonable adjustments for people with disabilities in their workplace.

Routes into employment

Supported Internship

Supported Internship is a study programme structured to the individual needs and skills, based at an employer’s premises.  They are designed to enable the young person with learning difficulties and/or disabilities to achieve sustainable paid employment by equipping them with the skills they need for the workplace.

Supported Internships are for young people with learning difficulties and/or disabilities aged 16 to 25 with an Education, Health and Care Plan who want to move into employment and need extra support to do so.  Supported Internships are unpaid and last for a minimum of six months.

The goal of an internship is for the young person with learning difficulties to move into paid employment.  The structured study programme includes on-the-job training provided by job coaches, and the chance to study for relevant qualifications, where appropriate.  Coaches provide in-work support for the young person, which can be reduced as the individual becomes familiar with their role.  They provide support to employers, increasing their confidence of working with interns and helping them to understand the importance of employing a diverse workforce.

 

Supported Internship reflects the following principles:

  • The majority of the young person’s time is spent at the employer’s premises
  • Young person is expected to comply with real job conditions, such as time-keeping and dress code
  • Systematic instruction, a method specifically designed to help the young person with more complex needs, learn new skills by breaking down tasks into small steps
  • Stretching learning goals are set, including in English and Maths;
  • Both the young person and the employer have support through a tutor and a formally trained job coach in line with the National Occupational Standards for supported employment
  • Support continues after the course of study to make sure that the young person gets a paid job and sustainable career.

 Young People's Learning Provision (YPLP) and local colleges offer Supported Internships in Lincolnshire.  https://www.lincolnshire.gov.uk/young-people/young-peoples-learning-provision/131680.article 

 

Supported Employment

Supported Employment helps people with disabilities to find a job. Supported employment organisations have the specialist knowledge to give young people this support. They can advise and support through the whole process.

They will give advice with all stages of job hunting, from the start, to getting an interview and beyond.  The support they provide can include:

  • Help to build confidence and self- esteem;
  • Training, from basic skills to vocational and professional qualifications;
  • Help to match job with experience and skills
  • Work trials so the young person can try a job and gain experience;
  • Help through the interview process
  • 'On the job' help to guide and support  through the early stages;
  • Advising potential employers on reasonable adjustments

 

Who can I contact about supported employment?

Linkage Trust in Lincolnshire offers a supported employment service to anyone over age 18. Email: supportedemployment@linkage.org.uk  Telephone: 01790 755068

British Association for Supported Employment (BASE) is the national trade association which represents many organisations in the supported employment sector.  They also have a website search which can be used to find local opportunities.

Website : www.base-uk/org

 

Apprenticeships

An apprenticeship helps to 'learn on the job. Young people can earn a wage and study at the same time. When a young person completes an apprenticeship, they have experience and qualifications which helps with finding a job.  

 

What qualifications do you need to do an apprenticeship? 

The employer decides if there is any criteria that must be met before applying. Some employers may ask for GCSE in Maths or English. The general rule is that apprenticeships are open to anyone over age 16.

 

What qualification levels and subjects are there? 

The qualification levels are:

  • Intermediate (Level 2);
  • Advanced (Level 3);
  • Higher (Level 4/5/6/7).

Apprenticeships are offered in a variety of areas including the following:

  • Accountancy;
  • Beauty Therapy;
  • Civil Engineering;
  • Child Care;
  • Customer Service;
  • Dental nursing;
  • Electrical Installation;
  • Hairdressing;
  • Health and Social Care;
  • IT;
  • Painting and Decorating
  • Plastering;
  • Plumbing;
  • Retail;
  • Supporting Teaching and Learning;
  • Vehicle Maintenance and Repair;
  • Welding and Fabrication.

When completing an apprenticeship the government made English and Maths and extra requirement (something must be achieved to complete the apprenticeship). If a young person has/had an Educational Health and Care plan (EHC), there may be some flexibility around the Math and English requirement. This can be discussed with your employer or training provider. 

 

How do apprenticeships work? 

Apprenticeships involve working and studying, and at least 20% of the time will be 'off the job training'.  If the course is run through the college, the young person may be able to apply for an NUS student card but would still be legally classed as an employee rather than a student.

The current minimum wage for an apprentice is £3.90 for those under the age of 19 or over but in first year of apprenticeship.  An apprentice is also entitled to 20 days paid holiday a year, plus bank holidays.

 

How do I become an apprentice?

The first step to becoming an apprentice is to search for an opportunity. You can search nationally using the Gov.uk database of apprenticeships, or you can contact the National Apprenticeship Helpdesk:

Lincolnshire County Council (LCC) have instructions and options for apprenticeships available on their webpage. The LCC Jobsite also contains a list of all apprenticeships available within the council.

Colleges, sixth forms and universities may also offer apprenticeships as options or parts of their courses. 

Jobsites can also be used to search for apprenticeships. There are some examples below, but there are many different job websites available.

The National Careers Service has advice on writing applications and what to do during interviews.

 

Volunteering

Volunteering is an opportunity to learn new skills and gain experience. It helps to meet new people and get used to working with colleagues or talking with people. Volunteering can build confidence and skills needed when applying for paid work.

The young person can look for somewhere they like and choose what days and times they would like to volunteer. It is also a good way to experience a job before going into paid work.

In Lincolnshire we are always looking for volunteers to help communities. Some opportunities available:

  • Archaeological and historical projects;
  • Countryside Access Volunteering;
  • Lincolnshire Chalk Streams Project;
  • Community Hub Libraries.

 

How do I start volunteering?

Good places to start are local charity shops and charitable ventures such as soup kitchens and animal shelters, but  also visit a number of different websites such as:

Lincolnshire Community and Voluntary Service is a site that will allow young people to apply for places and placements, with advice and support from an advisor.

 General Enquiries

Voluntary Centre Services operate centres in Lincoln, Gainsborough and Sleaford. You can book appointments online or over the phone:

  • Lincoln - 01522 551683;
  • Sleaford - 01529 308450;
  • Gainsborough - 01427 613470.

 

Do-it! Is a website that helps to choose your options by asking  for information such as what times of the day you are available and what interests you have. It then brings up volunteering jobs that match your search.

 

Work Exchange 

Sometimes employers do not have paid job vacancies but they could do with some extra help for a few hours a week. Work exchange is an opportunity to gain some experience of work in return for a discount or free activity.

If young people would like to find out more about work exchange, they can make contact with the organisation or company that they are interested in becoming involved with and discussing their options.

If the young person is still in school, they can speak to staff members about any employers or organisations who they might be interested in.  They may also be able to find some opportunities through local volunteering groups and charities. A local provider of volunteering opportunities is the Lincolnshire Community and Voluntary Service.

The example below illustrates how a work exchange arrangement might work:


A young man from St Francis' school has been doing some unpaid work at a golf course, helping out on the greens. In exchange for his time he is getting some free golf lessons. Another young man helps out at a garden centre and receives a discount on any goods that he and his parents buy from the centre.

 

Self-Employment

 Self-employment means working for yourself.  Starting a business can mean earning money and building skills in a way that fits around your needs and lifestyle

Below are some of the businesses that have been started by people in Lincolnshire:

  • DJ Services
  • Ink recycling
  • Disability awareness training
  • Car wash
  • Jewellery making
  • Gardening
  • Dog walking
  • A business on eBay
  • Office recycling
  • Horticulture
  • Plastic recycling. 

What is classed as Self-Employment?

You are likely to be self-employed if you:

  • run your business for yourself
  • have several customers at the same time
  • can decide how, where and when you do your work
  • can hire other people at your own expense to help you or to do the work for you
  • provide the main items of equipment to do your work
  • charge an agreed fixed price for your work
  • sell goods or services to make a profit (including through websites or apps).

You can check whether you are self-employed using the Gov.uk online checker.

You could be classed as a trader if you sell goods or services, which means you are self employed.

You’re likely to be trading if you:

  • sell regularly to make a profit
  • make items to sell for profit
  • sell online, at car boot sales or through classified adverts on a regular basis
  • earn commission from selling goods for other people
  • are paid for a service you provide.

 

How do I get into Self-Employment?

You’ll need to register for Self Assessment if any of the following apply:

  • you earned more than £1,000 from self-employment between 6 April and 5 April
  • you need to prove you’re self-employed, for example to claim Tax-Free Childcare
  • you want to make voluntary Class 2 National Insurance payments to help you qualify for benefits.

You must also follow certain rules on running and naming your business.

You can find advice, as well as practical and financial support through Gov.uk's help and support webpage

 

Who do I contact for help and support? 

Business Support Helpline (England)
Telephone: 0300 456 3565 
enquiries@businesssupporthelpline.org
Monday to Friday, 9am to 6pm

The Business Support Helpline is also available on:

 You can also find free support, advice and sources of finance through your local ‘growth hub’.

Contact telephone: 01522 57928 for more information about Lincolnshire's support for self-employment.

The Money Advice Service offer lots of tips and things to think about if you would like to become self-employed.

Foundation for people with learning disabilities has easy read guides on self- employment.

 

Finding a Job

At the end of Year 11, a young person is able to get a part time job. At age of 18, if they are not in education, they would be able to work full time. The same process applies whether in part time or full time employment.  

When job searching, it is helpful to know where to look and how to look.

There are plenty of job searching websites that employers post their jobs to:

On these sites, young people can upload their CV and start to search for jobs.  Young people need to make sure that their CV evidences their skill sets, expertise and any work experience or previous jobs they have had.

Finding a job if you have a disability

By law, all employers must treat all job applicants equally regardless of any conditions they may have. There are a number of different charities that can support you into employment if you have a disability, and many different services that will represent and advise you.

More information about finding a job if you have a disability 

 

What can help me find a job? 

Do:

  1. Use the filters (where possible) to help tailor your search.  By narrowing your search to your requirements, it may help speed up the process, but also remove any jobs that are not suitable for you
  2. Set up daily alerts for new jobs.  You are then less likely to miss out on any job opportunities
  3. Try different wording within your search.  Most people will only search for the job title.  Try re-wording, using different phrases when searching, as this may help.  Make sure you search for keywords such as specific skill, qualification or responsibilities, as this will give you much more suitable results
  4. Be specific in what job you want.  If you are searching and getting jobs you are not interested in, narrow your search to find the ones you like.  This could be change of location or adding extra keywords.

Don’t:

  1. Make sure you don't apply for every job you find.  Applying for every job could mean you miss the criteria, which means you may not be suitable for the position, wasting your time and the employer's time
  2. Make sure you don't leave your profile unfinished as this will turn employers off, and is likely to give the impression you have not given it much effort.  You need to complete your profile correctly to give employers a good impression, meaning they are more likely to look at your application
  3. Be careful not to tell everyone about your job search on social media as potential employers could be looking at this.  Check that your privacy settings are correct
  4. The recruitment process can take time so don’t expect an instant reply.  If you have applied before the closing date, employers will not look at applicants until after the closing date.  If you have uploaded your CV to a general recruitment site such as Monster or Indeed, you may get an instant response and you will need to react quickly
  5. Your CV or profile can be hidden on job sites without you knowing.  Make sure this doesn't happen to you, unless you have a good reason.  It is always a good idea to leave this box un ticked on your profile's privacy settings to make sure you don’t miss out on any opportunities.

 

Support to find or stay in work

 

Access to Work

 

This is financial support you can request if you have a disability, a physical or mental health condition, which is affecting your chances of finding a job or staying in work. Access to work will not provide support that the employer should already be giving.  The grant can pay for things like special equipment you may need, or getting to and from work.  You might not be able to get the support if you are receiving certain benefits. 

Please see the link below with further information on Access to Work and how to apply for this grant:

 https://www.gov.uk/access-to-work

 

Please find easy read information for young people:

 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/789101/easy-read-access-to-work.pdf

 

 


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