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Education Post-16

1. Transitions 2. Options 3. Financial Support

2. Options

It is important to start looking at what your choices are, for when you get to Post 16 education.

Careers Advice

All young people have careers information, advice and guidance sessions to ascertain their career aspirations and identify any further training needs and support.   All support and guidance is impartial and ensures that the young person has access to the right opportunities, which will also support with next steps. This could be moving to college, further education, apprenticeship or paid work.

All Local Authority maintained schools have a duty to provide a careers guidance service from years 8 to 13. 

Some academies and free schools are also subject to the duties to provide careers guidance. Academies without the requirements to provide careers advice are encouraged to do this as good practice.

All further education colleges and sixth forms are also required to provide access to independent careers advice.

Higher education institutions (Eg Universities) are not required to provide careers advice, but are encouraged to do so.

The National Careers Service provides information, advice and guidance to help make decisions. See here for more details.

The Careers and Enterprise Company can support schools and colleges to deliver careers support for young people. See here for details

Sixth form

Sixth forms can offer a range of courses allowing you to get your AS or A Levels in specific subjects of your choice. Some special schools also have sixth forms so students can be at school until they are 19 years old. You can continue your studies in school, working towards your A Levels or other qualifications.  Sixth form means one or two more years in a school setting.

Year 12 - this is also known as lower sixth and you will study for your AS Levels, normally in 3 or 4 subjects.

Year 13 - this is also known as upper sixth and you will study for your A Levels, normally in 3 subjects.

Some sixth forms are now offering BTEC or NVQs, which are more coursework based and some are more practical.  Your final grade will be equivalent to an AS or A Level, depending on the BTEC/NVQ level.


Colleges offer different study programmes to support learners with special educational needs and disabilities.  This could be English and Maths, tutorials and enrichment activities, employability skills, personal development, work experience, or A levels in your chosen subject and apprenticeships.

More information on Colleges 



Open to young people aged between 16-24 who are nearly ready for paid employment, but need to gain some experience in order to progress.  A Traineeship lasts for a minimum of 6 weeks to a maximum of 6 months.

 A Traineeship is an individualised programme that includes: 

  • A work placement
  • English and maths
  • Employability skills
  • Personal and social development
  • Other relevant qualifications


An apprenticeship is where you earn some money, gain experience in a job you would like, while also studying, giving you a qualification at the end.

More information on Apprenticeships 



University is a type of higher education and offers different courses and qualifications such as higher degrees, foundation degrees and any qualification at level 4 or higher. If you have special educational needs or a disability universities can offer extra support to help you achieve your degree

More information on University 



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Financial Support 

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